Contaminants Produced in Indoor Firing Ranges
An indoor firing range is subject to various air quality regulations according to local and federal government agencies, including the U.S. Department of Labor. Outdoor firing ranges are not subject to these laws, owing to the fact that the open air tends to remove all contaminants before they can reach levels that would affect people in the vicinity.
An indoor firing range, however, tends to be completely enclosed with added noise canceling modifications to help muffle the noise of guns being fired. While these features are beneficial to the function of the gun range, they can also expose visitors and employees to toxic lead residue that comes from discharging firearms.
The Effects of Lead Poisoning
Without an air purification system, a firing range can become a toxic area quickly due to the fact that the firing of each bullet from the gun releases lead into the air. Lead from the smoke of firearms will eventually reach levels that can cause symptoms detrimental to the health of anyone exposed. These symptoms can affect nearly every organ in the body, including the brain and kidneys.
Air Filtration for Gun Ranges
Luckily, the lead particles that result from firing a gun can be easily remedied with a good air filtration system. A high-efficiency purification air (HEPA) system can be put in place that will help with this issue. The process is as follows.
- Once installed, the HEPA filter will start working through an air conditioning system to pull air in and out of the room.
- The filter, which is made of many microfibers, will trap lead particles in the fibers. A HEPA filter is essentially made of multiple layers of these fibers that are progressively thinner, filtering out smaller and smaller particles.
- The filter will keep these particles trapped while blowing out purified air almost entirely free of contaminants.
These filtration systems require little maintenance, as you will only need to replace the filter once every few months to ensure that the air coming out is always purified. It is important to use these systems not only to ensure the health of your employees and guests but also to make sure that the firing range complies with federal and local laws.